Monuments of the cultural heritage of Kenozero in the collections of Russian museums.
MONUMENTS OF THE CULTURAL HERITAGE OF KENOZERO IN THE COLLECTION OF THE RUSSIAN ETHNOGRAPHIC MUSEUM
The Fund of Monuments of Traditional Culture of the Russian Population of the Olonets Province in REM has 1721 objects. Kargopol and Pudozh collections were formed through commission agents and correspondents during expeditions, as well as by purchasing exhibits fr om collectors.
323 exhibits were received From an expedition to the Olonets province (1902 - 1903) from the artist I.Ya. Bilibin (1876 - 1942).
Folklorist N.E. Onchukov (1872 - 1942) during an expedition to the Russian North in 1901 and 1902 acquired 79 items for the museum mainly from Kargopol district.
Local historian and collector K.G. Kolpakov (1845 - 1922) delivered 380 exhibits from the Kargopol district to the museum.
A collection of house carvings was brought in 1904 after the expedition of a staff member of the museum E.A. Lyatsky.
From the private collection of F.A. Kalikin (1876 - 1971) in the period from 1909 to 1914 the museum received 35 items collected by him in the Kargopol and Pudozh districts.
33 subjects - from the collector K.D. Dolmatova in 1902.
From the collector of the monuments of Russian folk art N.L. Shabelskaya - 6 items.
Shangina I.I. Monuments of the traditional culture of the Russian Kargopol and Pudozh in the collection of the Russian Ethnographic Museum / II. Shangina // Cultural and natural heritage of the European North: collection / comp .: P.S. Zhuravlev; open Ed .: N.M. Terebykhin, E.F. Shatkovskaya; Pomorye State University. M.V. Lomonosov. - Arkhangelsk: Pomorye University, 2009 .-- S. 315-319.
MONUMENTS OF THE CULTURAL HERITAGE OF KENOZERO IN THE COLLECTION OF THE ARKHANGEL REGIONAL HISTORY MUSEUM
In 1970 the Arkhangelsk museum acquired a collection of photographs with scenes about Kenozero from N.I. Rozov, head of the historical and ethnographic expedition of Moscow State University M.V. Lomonosov in Kargopol.
In 1979, two expeditions of the museum to the Plesetsk region took place. As a result, it received to its funds: crosses from the chapels of Egoriy Khrabryi in the village of Minino and Izmailovskaya village, copper casting (icons) from Samkovo, spinning wheels and a gingerbread board. The expedition also received a collection of documents and photographs of Konstantin Kuzmich Shishkin, who was born in Kenozero in 1898; a set of documents and photographs of a hunter Ivan Fedorovich Khudyakov. Funds recieved 35 items of fabric - towels, podzory, women's clothing. Five sharkunkas were purchased from master Mikhail Vasilievich Varvarsky from Konevo. From the school museum of Konevo from Vasily Efimovich Sidorov the Psalter of the beginning of the 17th century was acquired.
In 1985 and 1986 P.E. Ovsyankin brought from Koryakino village of the Plesetsk region a collection of old printed and manuscript books of the 18th-20th centuries. This is Anastasia Vasilievna Kukhtina's Peasant Old Believer Library (1906-1984) consisting of 99 items. Among them is the Horologion, reprinted from the 1662 edition in Moscow in the Transfiguration Almshouse in 1910.
Kenozero monuments represented in the museum’s collection are few in number. The uniqueness of the collection is that there are preserved monuments that are impossible to collect today.
Bronnikova E.P. Monuments of Kenozero in the collection of the Arkhangelsk Regional Museum of Local Lore / E.P. Bronnikova // Cultural and natural heritage of the European North: collection / comp .: P.S. Zhuravlev; open Ed .: N.M. Terebykhin, E.F. Shatkovskaya; Pomorye State University. M.V. Lomonosov. - Arkhangelsk: Pomorye University, 2009 .-- S. 111-122.
MONUMENTS OF THE CULTURAL HERITAGE OF KENOZERO IN THE COLLECTION OF THE MUSEUM OF ARCHITECTURE NAMED AFTER A.V. SCHUSEVA
Materials on the architecture of Kenozero occupy a significant place in the graphic collection and photo library of the museum. The most fully presented drawings and photographs are of the monuments of Pochozerochurchyard. These are photographs depicting the Pochozersky complex, the author of which is I.Ya. Bilibin, a famous graphic artist and theater artist who visited Kenozero in 1902.
In 1934 professor of art history N.N. Sobolev transferred to the funds his collection of photographs made by him in 1910 in the Russian North. Among them are the image of the Epiphany Church in 1756 in Orlovo village and houses in the village of Samkovo.
Large fund of dimensional drawings of Kenozero monuments of wooden architecture by architect A.V. Opolovnikov, that belong to 1946, is stored in the museum's collection. There is a general plan of Filippovskaya village and its environs, measurements of the Nikolskaya chapel in the village of Ust-Pocha, measurements and reconstruction of the Ryazhev bridge and the Makaryevskaya chapel in Fedorovskaya village.
The museum’s photo library contains photographs of A.V. Opolovnikov, dating back to 1946 and 1968, depicting the Pochozersky complex, the old cemetery and old wooden tombstones, residential buildings of Fedorovskaya village. The most fully represented in the photo library is the village of Vershinino. This is a survey of unknown authors of the 1950s and G.N. Prikhodko of the 1980s.
Pershlahta, Ryapusovo and Orlovo villages were captured in detail in 1950s.
Dudina T.A. Review of materials on Kenozero in the collection of the Museum of Architecture named after A.V. Schuseva / T.A. Dudina // Cultural and natural heritage of the European North: collection / comp .: P.S. Zhuravlev; open Ed .: N.M. Terebykhin, E.F. Shatkovskaya; Pomorye State University. M.V. Lomonosov. - Arkhangelsk: Pomorye University, 2009 .-- S. 169-177.
MONUMENTS OF THE CULTURAL HERITAGE OF KENOZERO IN THE COLLECTION OF THE STATE RUSSIAN MUSEUM
In the 1960s, museum expeditions to districts of the Arkhangelsk region were organized. Participants of the expeditions managed to sel ect and acquire a significant number of folk art works for the museum: more than 50 kenozero spinning wheels, kokoshniks with river pearls, woven and embroidered towels, podzors, sarafans and women's shirts woven with branded patterns. A rare acquisition was a portable church table of the 17th century - a unique work of church furniture.
Maltsev N.V. Kenozero expedition of the State Russian Museum / N.V. Maltsev // Cultural and natural heritage of the European North: collection / comp .: P.S. Zhuravlev; open Ed .: N.M. Terebykhin, E.F. Shatkovskaya; Pomorye State University. M.V. Lomonosov. - Arkhangelsk: Pomorye University, 2009 .-- S. 225-233.
MONUMENTS OF THE CULTURAL HERITAGE OF KENOZERIA IN THE COLLECTION OF THE STATE MUSEUM ASSOCIATION "CULTURE OF THE RUSSIAN NORTH", ARKHANGELSK
In the collection of old Russian painting there is an icon from the Makaryevskaya chapel of Kachikova Gora village of the Plesetsk district - Makarii Unzhensky, with Hagiography, late XVIII - early XIX centuries, artels of I.I. Bogdanov-Karbatovsky. It was discovered by the museum expedition in 1972.
The icon Alexy - a Man of God, a Medost, the Patriarch of Jerusalem, Pakhomiy Kensky of the first half of the 19th century was brought from the chapel of the Nativity of the Virgin of Tambich-lakhta in Kenozero, Plesetsk district, after an expedition in 1986
The catalog “Saints of the Kargopol land (painting, graphics) from collections of museums of the Arkhangelsk region” / comp. T.M. Koltsova, M.L. Ryaguzova. - Arkhangelsk, 2002
MONUMENTS OF THE CULTURAL HERITAGE OF KENOZERO IN THE COLLECTION OF THE CENTRAL MUSEUM OF ANCIENT RUSSIAN CULTURE AND ART NAMED AFTER ANDREI RUBLEV, MOSCOW
In 1968, during a trip to Kenozero, an employee of the Museum L.M. Evseeva 12 icons,originating from the Transfiguration Church of the Pakhomiev Kensky Monastery and preserved by local residents, were found and taken to the Andrei Rublev Museum.
On all the icons the late painting is well preserved, that is, the most recent paint layer. Most likely that this record was made in 1867-1868 during the reconstruction of the main iconostasis of the Transfiguration Church, built on the site of the abolished Pakhomiev Monastery, wh ere these monuments take origin.
The most complete is a set of six images of the prophets that make up the prophetic series of the iconostasis: Prophet Moses, Prophet Malachi, Prophet Elijah, Prophet Jeremiah, Prophet Thaddeus, Prophet Jonah.
Icons from the deesis rowcan be considered thesecond most complete group. There are three of them: Our Lady, John the Theologian, Apostle Philip.
The remaining three works were located in different parts of the iconostasis. Transfiguration, according to L.M. Evseeva, was a temple image and was in the lower row. Two-row icon, Savior in Power. The Preparation. Christ and The Samaritan Woman, differs from the icons of the described deesis in compositional decision: in the upper part there are images of the holidays, in the lower part - the Savior, and its size is 30 cm higher than the others. Perhaps the icon was part of another iconostasis. The icon Saint Isaac is close to two-row icon in size, but has a different character of painting and state of colored surface.
The collection of the Central Museum of Old Russian Culture and Art contains a group of icons from Pochozero, received in 1971. All the art works were taken during the museum expedition with I.A. Kochetkov and A.A. Saltykov. The icons were in the Church of the Origin of the Honest Trees of the Life-Giving Cross of the Lord, which at that time was open, and everyone could freely visit it. The staff found that the icons were removed from their places, taken out of the iconostasis, and stood in the church near the walls. I.A. Kochetkov and A.A. Saltykov took all the works that, in their opinion, were of interest to the museum, there were only eleven of them: The Origin of the Honest Trees of the Holy Cross of the Lord, XVIII century; The Origin of the Honest Trees of the Life-giving Cross of the Lord, 1778, Bogdanov-Karbatovsky; The Monk Daniel the Pillar, Saints Modest and Blasius, Martyr Anastasia, XVIII century; Deesis, Resurrection - Descent into Hell, the Trinity of the Old Testament, XVIII century; The Apostle Peter, XVIII century; The Prophet Ezekiel. Epiphany, XVIII century; Prophet Gideon. The Nativity of Our Lady, XVIII century; The Prophet Elisey. Transfiguration, XVIII century; The Prophet Samuel. The Old Testament Trinity, XVIII century; The Prophet Jonah. Ascension, XVIII century; Prophet Malachi. The Assumption, XVIII century. These monuments made up only a small part of the icon-painting decoration of the temple, which was clearly ruined by the time the scientific expedition appeared there.
The monuments exported to the museum can be divided into two groups. The first includes images that were part of the deesis, prophetic and festive ranks of the iconostasis. The second group of monuments consists of large temple and local images, which were either in the iconostasis or on the walls of the church.
Evseeva L.M. Newly restored icons from the iconostasis of the Transfiguration Church of the Pakhomiev Kensky Monastery / L.M. Evseeva // Kenozero Readings - 2011. Man and the Environment: Harmony and Contradictions: Proceedings of the V International Scientific and Practical Conference / ed. ed. E.F. Shatkovskaya, comp. M.N. Melyutina. - Severodvinsk, 2012. —C. 72 - 79.
Nechaeva T.N. A group of northern icons from Pochozero / T.N. Nechaeva // Kenozero Readings - 2009. Ethno-cultural landscape of Kenozero: an interdisciplinary study at the intersection of the natural sciences and humanities: a collection of materials of the IV International Scientific and Practical Conference / comp. M.N. Melutin; open ed. E.F. Shatkovskaya; Federal State Institution National Park Kenozero. - Arkhangelsk, 2011 .-- S. 342-348.
Nechaeva T.N. Icons from the Pakhomiev Kensky Monastery: to the attribution of a late entry / T.N. Nechaeva // Kenozero Readings - 2011. Man and the Environment: Harmony and Contradictions: Proceedings of the V International Scientific and Practical Conference / ed. ed. E.F. Shatkovskaya, comp. M.N. Melyutina. - Severodvinsk, 2012 .-- S. 163 - 167.
BOOK MEMORIALS OF KENOZERO NATIONAL PARK
Due to the implementation of a long-term project to create a List of Book Monuments of the Arkhangelsk Region in the State Museum Association Artistic Culture of the Russian North, Minea Common With The Festive (M., 1697), was found on the sheets of which there is a record that the book was enclosed by order of His Holiness Cyrus Adriana at the Kensky Monastery of Kargopol district to the liking of the patriarchal cell-man of the monk Gerasim.
Currently A.V. Pigin (Doctor of Philology, Professor, Department of Russian Literature, Petrozavodsk State University) is engaged in the study of the book-manuscript tradition that existed on the territory of the Park. A.V. Pigin discovered in three manuscripts of the XVIII – XIX centuries works about the Monk Pachomius of Kensky. Scientists also found the location of several books from the Hergozero monastery. One of them is a handwritten Prologue for September-November, written by Kargopol scribe Thaddeus in 1551. Another book is a list of the service and life of Alexander Svirsky, written by a half-charter in the 1630s.
A printed Apostle (M., 1638) is kept in the Russian State Library in the collection of M.I. Chuvanov with an interesting record of the XVII century. It is about the ownership of the book "to Rev. Father Macarius of Unzhezky and Zheltovotsky of the Hergozersky Monastery ...". The Kargopol Historical and Architectural Museum houses the Interpretation of the Apostle Peter (Kiev, 1807) from the Hergozero Trinity Church.
Kenozero Park is the only one among the national parks of Russia that has a museum fund in its structure, which includes the "Printed Manuscript Collection". The book fund of the Kenozero National Park is a small book collection consisting of editions of the Cyril font of the 18th-20th centuries, 1 manuscript book, 1 civil book of the 18th century and several books of the late XIX - early XX centuries.
In 1995, the museum funds of the Kenozero National Park with a resident of the city of Kargopol B.V. Bershchatsky purchased three books of the Cyril font. One of them, the Gospel with the interpretation of Theophylact of Bulgaria (M., 1748), previously belonged to the Church of the Annunciation of the Blessed Virgin Mary and the Holy Prophet Elijah in Lekshmozero volost of the Kargopol district of the Olonets province, which is recorded on the pages of the book. Anotherbook was donated by B.V. The Bershchatsky, it was a Prologue (M., 1747). Two of the above publications are part of 5 book monuments of federal significance, available in the funds of Kenozero Park.
The collection includes an Old Believer edition of the Psalms printed in the mid 80-s of the XVIII century in Vilno in the Trinity Monastery.
The publication of the civil press of the 18th century is represented by the 3rd part of the 4th volume of the work of knyaz(Prince) M. Shcherbatov “Russian History from the Most Ancient Timen” (St. Petersburg, 1784). The book was acquired by the Park in 2000 from E.S. Bykova - a resident of Semenovskaya village in the Kargopol district.
The manuscript book is an Hirmology, written by a semi-uncial of one handwriting in the 80s of the 17th century with cinnabar headers and initials. On paper there is the filigree “Head of the Jester” with the letters “MJDD” (similar: Dianova, 1997, No. 206 (1680)). The manuscript was purchased in 2004 from L.V. Larina - a resident of Chkalovsk, Nizhny Novgorod region.
In addition to them, the Fund of the Kenozero National Park includes publications fr om the 19th - early 20th centuries of the Synodal Printing House of Moscow and St. Petersburg, as well as Old Believer books published in the printing house of Edinovertsy and the Christian Printing House at the Preobrazhensky Almshouse, which are book monuments of regional significance. Among the books of the XIX-XX centuries there are Prologs, Psalms, Zonar, Apostle, Chrysostom, Trebnik, Mesyatseslov, etc.
Sedova G.E. Book Monuments of Kenozero National Park / G.E. Sedova // Kenozero Readings - 2011. Man and the Environment: Harmony and Contradictions: Proceedings of the V International Scientific and Practical Conference / ed. ed. E.F. Shatkovskaya, comp. M.N. Melyutina. - Severodvinsk, 2012 .-- S. 168 - 172.